Berliner Dom is located on an island in the river Spree that is often refered to as Museum Island. A Baroque Cathedral, built between 1894 and 1905, it is the third church on this spot. The first, constructed in 1465, was a modest building, which later served as the church of the Hohenzollern family. In 1747 this was replaced by a cathedral designed by Johann Boumann. Betweem 1816 and 1822 it was remodeled into a classicist building from a design by the Berlin architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel. In 1894 this building was replaced by the current Cathedral.
During the Second World War, the building was bombed and suffered severe damage. A temporary roof was installed to protect what remained of the interior. 1984 saw the start of the restoration of the interior, this was compleated in 1993. The church was consecrated for the second time in 1996.
The main alter of the cathedral dates from 1850, plus there is a magnificent organ with over 7000 pipes, one of the largest in Germany. Artworks of note includes a neo-
Additional cycles of restoration continued until 2006 including the unveiling of eight mosaics which decorate the Dome’s ceiling. A close up view of the dome, and an excellent view of the interior, can be had from the dome's gallery. Visitors are required to climb 270 steps to reach the gallery but the stairs are of a reasonable width with stopping points along the way.
Contained in the crypt, within superbly carved sarcophagi, are members of the Hohenzollern family, including Friedrich I and his queen, Sophie Charlotte. The oldest tomb in the cathedral is that of the elector of Brandenburg, Johann Cicero which dates back as far as 1530.