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Alexanderplatz known just as "Alex" by Berliners, is the busiest square in central eastern Berlin. It cannot be said that it is a particularly attractive area, but has developed into an important commercial district and transport hub.

Originally the site of a cattle market and located outside the city fortifications, Alexanderplatz was named in honor of the Russian Emperor Alexander I when he visited the city in October 1805.

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Unveiled in 1969 as part of the plans for a modernized Alexanderplatz, Berlin’s World Clock has become one of the city’s favourite meeting points. The clock was the creation of industrial designer Erich John, and constructed by Hans Joachim Kunsch. It consists of an enamelled cylinder which rotates on top of a central column. The clock displays the current time of day in a selection of world cities. The spheres attached on a rotary metal framework above the cylinder symbolizes the orbiting planets.

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Located in the square and known as the Fernsehturm,

is the Berlin TV tower. At 365 metres is the highest building in Berlin. Topped by a globe with a rotating viewing platform, it is one of the cities most popular tourist attractions with almost 1.2 million visitors every year. With such a large number of visitors it is worth booking your tickets online in advance. Visitors wishing to book a fixed date and time should consider the option of buying VIP-Tickets.

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Located adjacent to the Alexanderplatz, is the Marx and Engels Forum. This is a park containing a mix of modern and rather old fashioned statues and fountains. There is a huge monument dedicated to Marx and Engels which has become popular with photographers.

Alexanderplatz was developed into a transit junction and shopping centre during the second half of the 19th century with the coming of the S-Bahn, Berlin’s surface rail network, and the underground railway. Completely devastated during the Second World War, the square was gradually developed. It has the biggest underground station in Berlin, and is an important economic area.

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